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印刷设计与生产细节有哪些是需要我们注意的?

来源:http://www.xinfengyinshua.cn/   发布时间:2021-10-18
设计到印刷包装制品的距离有多远,大概就是以下这些基础知识的距离。今天,济南印刷就和大家分享下关于印刷包装的一些基础知识,帮助大家顺利实现生产与设计的无缝对接。
The distance from design to printing and packaging products is probably the distance of the following basic knowledge. Today, Jinan printing will share with you some basic knowledge about printing and packaging to help you smoothly realize the seamless connection between production and design.
1出血
1 bleeding
出血的目的是为了保证模切准确,普通纸张一般为3mm,瓦楞一般为5-7mm。由于设计和拼版的失误,出血可以少点,但必 须保证1.5mm以上。
The purpose of bleeding is to ensure the accuracy of die cutting. Ordinary paper is generally 3mm and corrugated is generally 5-7mm. Due to the mistakes of design and composition, the bleeding can be reduced, but it must be more than 1.5mm.
2烫金烫银小尺寸
2. Small size of gold and silver stamping
一般是保证在0.3mm,技术好的可以到0.1-0.2之间。
It is generally guaranteed to be 0.3mm, and it can be between 0.1-0.2 if the technology is good.
3大度纸、正度纸、特规纸
3 large size paper, positive size paper and special size paper
大度纸是指尺寸为1194*889的纸张,正度为1092*787,特规纸张是指特殊规格的纸张,一般纸厂都将纸切割成大度正度,或者根据客户的需要切成特殊规格的纸张。
Large paper refers to the paper with the size of 1194 * 889 and the positive degree of 1092 * 787. Special paper refers to the paper with special specifications. Generally, paper mills cut the paper into large positive degrees, or cut the paper with special specifications according to the needs of customers.
此外,印刷厂光边后的大度一般为1190*880,正度为1090*780.如果设计失误或者要求版面特殊必须事先和厂里打招呼,否则就按说的尺寸开了。
In addition, the magnanimity after the smooth edge of the printing factory is generally 1190 * 880 and the positive degree is 1090 * 780. If the design is wrong or the layout is required to be special, you must say hello to the factory in advance, otherwise it will be opened according to the said size.
4胶印用多少线:
4 how many lines are used for offset printing:
一般175线。也有低至150线或高至250线的。
Generally 175 lines. There are also as low as 150 lines or as high as 250 lines.
5专色、四色:
5 spot color and four colors:
专色是指特定的颜色,专色在印刷时,不是通过印刷C、M、Y、K四色合成的这种颜色,而是专门用一种特定的油墨来印刷的颜色。专色油墨是由印刷厂预先混合好或油墨厂生产的。对于印刷品的每一种专色,在印刷时都有专门的一个色版对应。使用专色可使颜色更准确。如:专金,专银,等等。
Spot color refers to a specific color. During printing, spot color is not the color synthesized by printing C, m, y and K, but the color printed with a specific ink. Spot color inks are premixed by a printing factory or produced by an ink factory. For each spot color of printed matter, there is a special color plate corresponding to it during printing. Use spot color to make the color more accurate. Such as: special gold, special silver, etc.
四色是指CMYK模式印刷颜色。
Four colors refer to the printing color of CMYK mode.
6用于印刷的分辨率:
6 resolution for printing:
一般为300DPI。当然越高越清晰。
Generally 300dpi. Of course, the higher, the clearer.
7柔印:
7 flexo printing:
目前我国柔印产品处于很低的层次,印刷品质量以低、粗、简为主,精细的多色套印不怎么过关;同时,应用范围较小,主要印刷文字线条和实地,网点活印得不是很多。
At present, China's flexographic products are at a very low level. The quality of printed products is mainly low, coarse and simple, and the fine multi-color overprint is not very good; At the same time, the scope of application is small, mainly printing text lines and field, and the dot live printing is not very much.
8补漏白:
8 trap:
即做套印补边,胶印一般都是0.04-0.07mm之间,柔印看机器,一般都比较大。
That is to do overprint and edge repair. Offset printing is generally between 0.04-0.07mm. According to the flexo printing machine, it is generally large.
9黑色是否全部压印其他颜色
9 are all black stamped with other colors
不一定,具体看黑色的面积,一般文字都是直接叠印的,遇到面积大的就一样做补漏白。
Not necessarily. Depending on the area of black, generally the text is directly overprinted. In case of a large area, it is the same as trapping.
10遇到大面积的黑色怎么做
10 what to do when you encounter a large area of black
大面积的黑色下面垫一个30-40蓝之间的颜色,或者相近的30-40的深色也可以,因为理论上讲黑色压任何颜色等于黑色。
A large area of black is padded with a color between 30-40 blue, or a similar dark color of 30-40, because in theory, black is equal to black.
目的是防止印刷不够黑和出现小白点。
The purpose is to prevent insufficient black printing and small white spots.
11什么是菲林?
What is film?
这里以黑白菲林为例。菲林的英文名称是film,是薄膜或胶卷的意思。和拍照用的胶卷差不多。 是用作纪录影像的重要媒介,将图文分色制作好,再由出片机将你分好的颜色一色一色的传递到一张张胶卷上,每一个胶卷上的颜色是单一的,比如有CMY三个颜色就需要出三张单色菲林片。
Take black-and-white film as an example. The English name of film is film, which means film or film. It's similar to the film used for photography. It is used as an important medium for recording images. The color separation of pictures and texts is made, and then the output machine transmits your divided colors to films one by one. The color on each film is single. For example, if there are three colors of CMY, three monochrome films need to be produced.
12条码
12 bar code
有EAN(13位,一位为自动生成)和UPC(12位)两种类型。
There are ean (13 bits, one bit is automatically generated) and UPC (12 bits).
有专门的敲条码软件。条码放大系数在80%-200%之间。条码左右的空白区EAN左3.63mm右2.31mm,空白区只能大不能小,UPC左右一样,为大于2.97mm。
There is a special bar code tapping software. The bar code magnification factor is between 80% - 200%. The blank area on the left and right of the barcode is 3.63mm on the left and 2.31mm on the right. The blank area can only be large but not small. It is the same as that on the left and right of UPC, which is greater than 2.97mm.
在颜色搭配上应该反差大,尽量用白底黑条,金银卡纸下应垫一白色。如果要将条码缩短,至少保留原比例的三分之二以上。字体非强制性为推荐。所放的位置视情况而定,所放区域离压痕线不要小于8mm。
There should be a large contrast in color matching. Try to use black bars on a white background, and a white pad should be placed under the gold and silver cardboard. If you want to shorten the bar code, keep at least two-thirds of the original proportion. The font is not mandatory and is recommended. The placement position depends on the situation, and the placement area shall not be less than 8mm from the indentation line.
13印刷效果及后道加工效果
13 printing effect and subsequent processing effect
这里介绍常见的几种效果:
Here are some common effects:
A.磨砂:处理成一种凹凸不平的一种砂岩颗粒的感觉。
A. Frosting: it is treated into an uneven feeling of sandstone particles.
B.烫:烫的东西很多,大家平时很容易见着,如有烫金,烫银,烫镭射等等。
B. Ironing: there are many ironing things that are easy to see, such as bronzing, silver ironing, laser ironing and so on.
C.上光:是为了防止图文磨损及让产品更为漂亮并有一定的防水功能的一种后加工,有普通光油,UV光油令产品有一种鲜丽年轻的效果,UV哑油令产品雍容华贵的效果。UV可与覆膜配合可达到非凡效果。
C. Glazing: it is a kind of post-processing to prevent the abrasion of pictures and texts and make the products more beautiful and have a certain waterproof function. There are ordinary varnish, UV varnish makes the products have a fresh and young effect, and UV dumb oil makes the products elegant. UV can cooperate with film covering to achieve extraordinary results.
D.凹凸:给简单的图文一种立体的效果,有普通与立体之区分,立体效果更为漂亮。
D. Concavo convex: it gives a three-dimensional effect to simple graphics and texts. There is a distinction between ordinary and three-dimensional, and the three-dimensional effect is more beautiful.
E:覆膜:在产品表面上覆上薄薄的膜以达到保护图文防水优美的效果。有光膜和哑膜。
E: Film covering: the product surface is covered with a thin film to achieve the effect of protecting graphics and texts from water and beauty. There are light film and dumb film.
14其他
14 others
在设计的时候,不光要考虑出血,还要考虑机器纵向的咬口,下单的时候还要注意纸张的丝绺。当有一个颜色几乎为满版时,那么请将模切掉的部分尽量填为这个颜色,以防止鬼影。在纸张容许的情况下请为每一个颜色做一条不小于4mm的色带。给每个颜色加一个色标,特写是专色,这样的目的是为了让其他人看清楚。
When designing, we should not only consider bleeding, but also consider the longitudinal bite of the machine, and pay attention to the grain of paper when placing an order. When a color is almost full, please fill the die-cut part with this color as far as possible to prevent ghosts. If the paper allows, please make a color band of not less than 4mm for each color. Add a color code to each color, and the close-up is a spot color, so that others can see it clearly.
另外要注意的一点虽然比较简单但却非常重要且常有人犯这样的错误:白色图文不要叠印,文字要记得转曲线。
In addition, it should be noted that although it is relatively simple, it is very important, and people often make such mistakes: do not overprint white pictures and texts, and remember to turn the curve.
关于印刷包装的基础知识及印刷注意事项今天就分享到这里,希望对我们的日常工作能有一些帮助。如果你在日常生产中遇到什么问题,也欢迎点击http://www.xinfengyinshua.cn告诉我们,大家一起交流。
The basic knowledge of printing and packaging and printing precautions are shared here today. I hope it can be helpful to our daily work. If you encounter any problems in daily production, you are also welcome to click http://www.xinfengyinshua.cn Tell us, let's talk together.
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