In the domestic printing industry, there are mainly Chinese characters, foreign characters, national characters and so on. Chinese characters include Song typeface, regular script, boldface and so on. Foreign characters can be divided into white and black according to the thickness of the characters, or into normal, italic, flower and so on according to the shape. National characters refer to the characters used by some ethnic minorities, such as Mongolian, Tibetan, Uighur, Korean, etc.
Font size is a measure of the size of characters. The point system is commonly used internationally, while the point system is mainly used in China. The numbering system adopts several movable types that are not multiples of each other as the standard, and forms its own system according to the conversion relationship of doubling or halving. It can be divided into No. 4 system, No. 5 system, No. 6 system, etc. The smaller the nominal number of font size is, the larger the font shape is. For example, No. 4 is larger than No. 5, and No. 5 is larger than No. 6.
During typesetting, the layout shall be designed according to the printing layout requirements. For example, when printing a book, attention should be paid to the size of the format, the form of typesetting (horizontal or vertical), the font and size of the text, the number of lines on each page and the number of words on each line, the gap between words and lines, the number of columns on the page and the number of words in each column, the spacing between columns, the placement position of page numbers and page numbers, the position and size of headers and footers, etc.
During text typesetting, attention should also be paid to some exclusion provisions, such as two characters should be left blank at the beginning of each paragraph, period, comma, pause, semicolon, colon, question mark, exclamation mark, lower quotation mark, lower bracket, lower book name and other punctuation marks should not be placed at the beginning of the line, and upper quotation mark, upper bracket, upper book name and Chinese serial number such as ①, ②, ③ should not be placed at the end of the line, The fraction, year, chemical formula, sign in front of the number, temperature identifier and foreign words in monosyllabic segments should not be arranged in the upper and lower lines separately.
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